HSC Ancient history CORE: Pompeii and Herculaneum notes

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A condensed summary of notes for the core study Pompeii and Herculaneum with relevant evidence to each syllabus points and contemporary issues (new discoveries up to 2020!) highlighted by the 'reconstruction and conservation of the past'. Each syllabus point is discussed comprehensively, with examples and quotes that will guide you to write the best short responses :D

These notes are based on the Ancient History Stage 6 Syllabus (2017): SURVEY

  • the geographical setting and natural features of Campania
  • the eruption of AD 79 and its impact on Pompeii and Herculaneum
  • early discoveries and the changing nature of excavations in the 19th and 20th centuries
  • representations of Pompeii and Herculaneum over time

FOCUS OF STUDY Investigating and interpreting the sources for Pompeii and Herculaneum: The evidence provided by the range of sources, including site layout, streetscapes, public and private buildings, ancient writers, official inscriptions, graffiti, wall paintings, statues, mosaics, human, animal and plant remains from Pompeii and Herculaneum, as relevant for:

  • the economy
  • the social structure
  • local political life
  • everyday life
  • religion
  • the influence of Greek and Egyptian cultures

Reconstructing and conserving the past

  • changing interpretations: impact of new research and technologies
  • issues of conservation and reconstruction
  • ethical issues: excavation and conservation, study and display of human remains
  • value and impact of tourism: problems and solutions
Added November 2021